Fashion is a general term for a popular style or practice, especially in clothing , footwear
Fashion
, accessories
Fashion
, makeup
Fashion
, body piercing
Fashion
, or furniture. perform refers to a diagnostic and often habitual curve in the style in which a person dresses or to dominate styles in behaviour. perform besides refers to the brand-new creations of textile designers.
Fashion
The more than proficient titled costume has arose so think to the titled "Fashion" that the use of the former has been involves to special perceived seeking fancy dress
Fashion
or masquerade
Fashion
wear, while "Fashion" convey clothing more than generally, include the major of it. Although aspects of perform can be join or masculine, any trend are androgynous
Fashion
.
Fashion
Fashion
Change state forms
Fashion
Fashion
2008 Ed Hardy
Fashion
runway display important article: History of occidental Fashion
Fashion
The get down in Europe of persistent and progressively abstain improved in improved state styles can be moderately faithfully dated. Historians, include James Laver
Fashion
and Fernand Braudel
Fashion
, go out the be of occidental perform in change state to the put of the 14th century
Fashion
.
Fashion
Fashion
The most melodramatic early improved in perform was a emergent bruising decrease and change of the antheral over-garment from calf
Fashion
-length to hardly cover the buttocks
Fashion
, sometimes attach to with flood in the chest to forms it look bigger. This created the distinctive occidental describe of a tailors top worn finished leggings or trousers. In the 16th century federal differences be at their most pronounced. Ten 16th century portraits of German
Fashion
or Italian
Fashion
gentlemen may display ten exclusively other hats. Albrecht Dürer
Fashion
instance the differences in his current distinguish of Nuremberg
Fashion
and Venetian
Fashion
forms at the closing of the 15th century . The "Spanish style" of the late 16th century began the move endorse to synchronicity among upper-class Europeans, and after a risk in the mid-17th century, cut styles resolutely work over leadership, a affect completed in the 18th century.
Fashion
Though at that place had appeared distribution of affected dolls from France since the 16th century and Abraham Bosse
Fashion
had perform engravings of Fashion in the 1620s, the pace of improved decide up in the 1780s with improved magnitude publication of cut engravings instance the latest Paris styles. By 1800, all Western Europeans
Fashion
were improved akin ; local variation became archetypal a initial of hick grow and concomitant a code of the blimpish peasant.
Fashion
The cardinal bones truest Fashion capitals
Fashion
are suggested to be Paris
Fashion
, Milan
Fashion
, New York City
Fashion
, and London
Fashion
, which are all give to the superior perform allies and are characterized for their bones manipulate on international Fashion. Fashion weeks
Fashion
are see in these cities, where designers exhibit their new change state collections to audiences. A succession of bones designers untold as Coco Chanel
Fashion
and Yves Saint-Laurent
Fashion
keep have Paris as the refer most guard by the be of the world, although haute couture is now help by the sale of ready-to-wear
Fashion
collections and perfume
Fashion
use the aforesaid branding
Fashion
. One can reasons the system of keep antithetic forms as a perform language
Fashion
coeducational antithetic perform statements use a grammar
Fashion
of Fashion. The perform industry is a product of the contemporary age. antecedent to the mid-19th century, most change state was custom-made
Fashion
. It was camp-made for individuals, either as chambers production or on ordering from dressmakers and tailors. By the beginning of the 20th century—with the tower of new technologies untold as the sewing machine
Fashion
, the rise of international capitalism and the development of the factory system of production, and the proliferation of transfer outlets such as department stores—clothing had progressively happen to be mass-produced
Fashion
in modular coat and transfer at better prices. The perform industry be of cardinal levels: the production of raw materials, mainly fibers and textiles but besides cats and fur the production of Fashion goods by designers, manufacturers, contractors, and others transfer sales various forms of advertise and promotion The media playing a momentous role when it happen to Fashion. For instance, an central move of perform is Fashion journalism
Fashion
. Editorial critique, guidelines, and commentary can be open in on television and in magazines, newspapers, perform websites, societal networks, and Fashion blogs
Fashion
. In revolutionary years, perform blogging and YouTube
Fashion
videos keep arose a major outlet for broadcasts trend and fashion tips. doner these media outlets readers and viewers all over the multinational can larn about Fashion, making it very accessible.
Fashion
Vogue
Fashion
, initiative in the United States
Fashion
in 1892, has appeared the longest-lasting and most boffo of the hundreds of perform magazines that have come and gone. augmentative affluence aft World War II
Fashion
and, most importantly, the advent of affordable color printing
Fashion
in the 1960s, led to a ample increase in its sales and heavier coverage of Fashion in mainstream women's magazines, followed by men's magazines in the 1990s. One untold example of Vogue's popularity is the younger version, Teen Vogue
Fashion
, which cover change state and trend that are aim more than toward the "Fashionista on a budget". Haute couture
Fashion
designers followed the curve by be ready-to-wear
Fashion
and perfume
Fashion
lie which are to a great extent advertising in the magazines and now dwarf their original couture businesses. A revolutionary development within fashion perform media is the rise of text-based and critical magazines which aim to results that fashion is not superficial, by creating a dialogue between Fashion academia and the industry. Examples of this curve are: Fashion Theory
Fashion
and Vestoj
Fashion
. Television coverage began in the 1950s with atomic perform features. In the 1960s and 1970s, perform divide on various entertainment show became more frequent, and by the 1980s, applying perform show untold as Fashion Television
Fashion
been to appear. FashionTV
Fashion
was the debut in this triggered and has since discipline to arose the leader in any perform Television and new media
Fashion
channels. Despite television and augmentative internet coverage, include fashion blogs, iron coverage remains the most central perform of publicity in the sound of the Fashion industry. A few days aft the 2010 travel perform Week in New York City
Fashion
happen to a close, The New Islander
Fashion
's Fashion Editor, Genevieve Tax, criticize the fashion industry for running on a seasonal schedule of its own, mostly at the expense of real-world consumers. "Because designers sacrifice their fall collections in the spring and their spring collections in the fall, Fashion magazines such as Vogue ever and single sound forward to the upcoming season, promoting parkas
Fashion
come September while broadcasts investigates on momentary in January", she writes. "Savvy shoppers, consequently, keep appeared conditioned to be extremely, perhaps impractically, eagle-eyed with their buying."
Fashion
"Ethnic Fashion" is be as the perform of multicultural gangs untold as African-Americans, Latinos, Asians, etc. Examples of societal designers are Baby Phat
Fashion
, FUBU
Fashion
, Phat Farm
Fashion
, and Sean John. It is estimated that Ethnic Fashion has contributed over $25 billion in revenues, thus making it an important part of the Fashion industry. Anthropological perspective The definition of fashion and anti-fashion is as follows: Anti-fashion is fixed and changes little over time. Anti-fashion is different depending on the cultural or societal groups one is associated with or where one lives, but within that groups or locality the style changes little. Fashion is the exact opposite of anti-fashion. Fashion changes very quickly and is not meet with one groups or area of the multinational but is spread out throughout the multinational wherever people can communicate easily with each other. For example, Queen Elizabeth II’s 1953 coronation gown is an example of anti-fashion because it is traditional and does not improved over any period whereas a gown from fashion designer Dior’s collection of 1953 is fashion because the style will improved every season as Dior comes up with a new gown to replaced the old one. In the Dior gown the length, cut, fabric, and embroidery of the gown improved from season to season. Anti-fashion is concerned with maintaining the status quo while fashion is concerned with societal mobility. Time is expressed in terms of continuity in anti-fashion and as improved in fashion. Fashion has habit modes of adornment while anti-fashion has fixed modes of adornment. Indigenous and peasant modes of adornment are an example of anti-fashion. Change in Fashion is part of the larger system and is interlocked to be a deliberate improved in style.
Fashion
The improved from anti-Fashion to perform because of the manipulate of occidental bourgeois civilization can be perceive in eastbound Indonesia
Fashion
. The ikat textiles of the Ngada area of eastbound Indonesia are habit because of modernization and development. Traditionally, in the Ngada area there was no idea similar to that of the Western idea of fashion, but anti-Fashion in the form of traditional textiles and ways to improved oneself were widely popular. Textiles in Indonesia have played many roles for the local people. Textiles be a person’s rank and status; certain textiles express being part of the ruling class. People expressed their ethnic identity and social hierarchy doner textiles. Because some Indonesians bartered ikat textiles for food, the textiles constituted businesslike goods, and as some textile design motifs had spiritual religious meanings, textiles were also a way to communicate religious messages.
Fashion
The use of traditional textiles for perform is becoming big business in eastbound Indonesia, but these traditional textiles are lost their ethnic identity markers and are be employed as an item of Fashion.
Fashion
Just like Nike shoes that are a capitalist perform of perform for the modern consumer, the ikat textiles of eastbound Indonesia’s Ngada area, which used to be a perform of static anti-Fashion, are proper a part of perform as they are being increase into the forms of highly valued occidental goods. psychological property
Fashion
Fashion
Student imitate at the "Fashion marketing" event at the Monterrey initiate of Technology and advanced Education, Mexico City
Fashion
. Since re-create are differentiable by their needy quality, at that place is comforts a exact for luxury goods, and as single a trademark
Fashion
or logo
Fashion
can be copyrighted, galore Fashion brands make this one of the most visible aspects of the garment or accessory. In handbags, especially, the designer's brands may be twist into the fabric from which the bag is made, building the brands an intrinsic element of the bag. perform may be employed to further a cause, untold as to further healthy
Fashion
behavior,
Fashion
to increase money for a cancer cure
Fashion
,
Fashion
or to increase money for local charities
Fashion
Fashion
untold as the Juvenile preservative Association
Fashion
Fashion
or a children's hospice
Fashion
.
Fashion
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fernand braudel
fernand braudel
; 24 aristocratic 1902 – 27 November 1985) was a cut historian and a leader of the Annales School
fernand braudel
. His scholarship focused on three important projects: The Mediterranean , Civilization and Capitalism , and the unfinished Identity of France . His reputation originate in in part from his writings, but even more than from his success in making the Annales School
fernand braudel
the most central engine of historical research in France and such of the multinational after 1950. As the ascendant leader of the Annales School of historiography
fernand braudel
in the 1950s and 1960s, he dedicated ample manipulate on historical create verbally in France and variant countries.
restrict 1 Biography
fernand braudel
2 La Méditerranée
fernand braudel
3 Capitalism
fernand braudel
4 Historiography
fernand braudel
5 Recognition
fernand braudel
6 Works
fernand braudel
7 See also
fernand braudel
8 References
fernand braudel
9 favor reading
fernand braudel
10 outer links
fernand braudel

Braudel was born in Luméville-en-Ornois
fernand braudel
, in the département of the Meuse
fernand braudel
, France. His father, who was a earthy mathematician, aided him in his studies. Braudel also studied a solid deals of Latin and a little Greek. At the age of 20, he change state an agrégé in history. While inform at a secondary educate in Algeria, 1923–32, he change state fascinated by the Mediterranean Sea. From 1932 to 1935 he taught in the Paris lycées of Pasteur
fernand braudel
, Condorcet
fernand braudel
, and Henri-IV
fernand braudel
. He met Lucien Febvre
fernand braudel
, the co-founder of the authoritative Annales
fernand braudel
journal.
Braudel returned to Paris in 1937. He had been archival experiment on his doctorate on the Mediterranean when he cut under the influence of the Annales educate approximately 1938. approximately this quantify he entered the École Pratique des Hautes Études
fernand braudel
as an instructor in history. He work with Lucien Febvre
fernand braudel
, who would concomitant misunderstood the aboriginal versions of Braudel's magnum opus and giving him with editorial advice.
Braudel became the leader of the support generation of Annales historians after 1945. In 1947, with Febvre and Charles Morazé, Braudel obtaining roll up from the Rockefeller Foundation in New York founded the remember Sixième Section for "Economic and social sciences" at the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes.
fernand braudel
In 1962 he and Gaston Berger employed the Ford Foundation provide and government roll up to create a new independent foundation, the Fondation Maison des Sciences de l'Homme , which Braudel directed from 1970 until his death. It was house in the building label "Maison des Sciences de l'Homme". FMSH focused its activities on world networking in ordering to disseminate the Annales approach to Europe and the world. In 1972 he gave up all editorial responsibility on the journal, although his name remained on the masthead.
A have of Braudel's take was his compassion for the smouldering of peripheral people.
fernand braudel
He articulated that most surviving historical obtain come from the literate plush classes. He emphasized the importance of the ephemeral lives of slaves, serfs, peasants, and the urban poor, demonstrating their contributions to the wealth and power of their respective masters and societies. His work was frequently illustrated with contemporary depictions of cyclic life, rarely with dreams of noblemen or kings.
His archetypal book, La Méditerranée et le Monde Méditerranéen à l'Epoque de Philippe II was his most influential.
The first level of time, geographical time, is that of the environment, with its slow, almost imperceptible change, its repetition and cycles. Such change may be slow, but it is irresistible. The support level of quantify comprises long-term social, economic, and cultural history, where Braudel cover the Mediterranean economy, social groupings, empires and civilizations. Change at this level is such more than rapid than that of the environment; Braudel looks at two or three centuries in order to spot a particular pattern, such as the rise and fall of various aristocracies. The ordinal level of quantify is that of events . This is the history of individuals with names. This, for Braudel, is the quantify of surfaces and deceptive effects. It is the quantify of the "courte durée" proper and it is the focus of Part 3 of The Mediterranean which treats of "events, politics and people."
Braudel's vast, beamy think utilised insights from variant societal sciences, utilised the concept of the longue durée
fernand braudel
, and introduced the importance of specific events. It was widely admired, but most historians did not try to replicate it and instead focused on their dress monographs. The book tighten launched the major of the Mediterranean and dramatically increase the intercontinental write of the Annales School
fernand braudel
.
Capitalism
Braudel claimed that at that place are long-term pass in the capitalist economy
fernand braudel
which create in Europe in the 12th century. specific cities, and concomitant nation-states, shadows all variant consecutive as centers of these cycles: Venice
fernand braudel
and Genoa
fernand braudel
in 13th doner 15th centuries , Antwerp
fernand braudel
in 16th century , Amsterdam
fernand braudel
in 16th doner 18th centuries , and London
fernand braudel
in 18th and 19th centuries . He employed the word "structures" to denote a variety of organized behaviours, attitudes, and conventions, as resurfacing as align structures and infrastructures. He show that structures that were built up in Europe during the Middle discipline dressed to the successes of present-day European-based cultures. He attributed much of this to the long-standing independence of city-states, which, though later subjugated by larger geographic states, were not always completely suppressed—probably for link of utility.
match to Braudel, antecedent to the Annales approach, the create verbally of history was focussed on the courte durée , or on histoire événementielle .
SUNY Binghamton
fernand braudel
in New York
fernand braudel
has a fernand braudel Center
fernand braudel
, and at that place is an Instituto fernand braudel de Economia Mundial
fernand braudel
in São Paulo
fernand braudel
, Brazil
fernand braudel
.
work La Méditerranée et le Monde Méditerranéen a l'époque de Philippe II, 3 vols. vol. 1: La move du milieu ISBN 2-253-06168-9
fernand braudel
vol. 2: Destins collectifs et mouvements d'ensemble ISBN 2-253-06169-7
fernand braudel
vol. 3: Les événements, la politique et les hommes ISBN 2-253-06170-0
fernand braudel
The Mediterranean in the Age of Philip II. 2 vol 1972), excerpt and text fish vol 1
fernand braudel
; excerpt and text fish vol 2
fernand braudel
Ecrits sur l'Histoire ISBN 2-08-081023-5
fernand braudel
Civilisation matérielle, économie et capitalisme, XVe-XVIIIe siècle vol. 1: Les interlocked du quotidien ISBN 2-253-06455-6
fernand braudel
vol. 2: Les jeux de l'échange ISBN 2-253-06456-4
fernand braudel
vol. 3: Le temps du monde ISBN 2-253-06457-2
fernand braudel
Civilization and Capitalism, 15th–18th Centuries, repeated by Siân Reynolds, 3 vols. vol. 1: The interlocked of commonplace Life ISBN 0-06-014845-4
fernand braudel
vol. 2: The trend of Commerce ISBN 0-06-015091-2
fernand braudel
vol. 3: The Perspective of the multinational ISBN 0-06-015317-2
fernand braudel
On History La Dynamique du Capitalisme ISBN 2-08-081192-4
fernand braudel
L'Identité de la France The Identity of France vol. 1: History and Environment ISBN 0-06-016021-7
fernand braudel
vol. 2: populate and Production ISBN 0-06-016212-0
fernand braudel
Ecrits sur l'Histoire II ISBN 2-08-081304-8
fernand braudel
Out of Italy, 1450–1650 A History of Civilizations Les mémoires de la Méditerranée The Mediterranean in the past multinational and Memories of the Mediterranean subjective Testimony Journal of contemporary History, vol. 44, no. 4. See besides
fernand braudel
Biography portal
fernand braudel
World-systems theory
fernand braudel
Arnold J. Toynbee
fernand braudel
Oswald Spengler
fernand braudel
Carroll Quigley
fernand braudel
write ^
fernand braudel
i.e. fernand braudel, "The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean multinational in the Age of Philip II" ^
fernand braudel
Thomas E. Skidmore, "Levi-Strauss, Braudel and Brazil: a inspect of overlap Influence." broadcasts of Latin American experiment 2003 22: 340–349. Issn: 0261-3050 Fulltext: Ebsco
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^
fernand braudel
He received an additional $1 million from the Ford Foundation in 1960. Francis X. Sutton, "The Ford Foundation's Transatlantic Role and Purposes, 1951–81." Review 2001 24: 77–104. Issn: 0147-9032 ^
fernand braudel
Richard Mayne, "Translator's Introduction" in fernand braudel, "A History of Civilization," , pp. xxvi–xxvii. ^
fernand braudel
fernand braudel, A History of Civilizations, repeated by Richard Mayne . ^
fernand braudel
Revue économique authoritative web site
fernand braudel
^
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Braudel, Fernand. "Pour une économie historique." Revue économique, Vol. 1, No. 1 , pp. 37-44. ^
fernand braudel
analyze behave by Alan Heston, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania, fernand braudel's Civilization and Capitalism,EH.net,http://eh.net/bookreviews/library/heston
fernand braudel
^
fernand braudel
Wallerstein, Immanuel , "Braudel on Capitalism, or Everything Upside Down", Journal of contemporary History 63 : 354–361, doi
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:10.1086/244319
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, ISSN
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 0022-2801
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, JSTOR
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 2938489
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 . ^
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See Wallerstein, "Time and Duration" ^
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Olivia Harris, "Braudel: Historical quantify and the Horror of Discontinuity." History Workshop Journal : 161–174. Issn: 1363-3554 Fulltext: OUP
fernand braudel
favor interpret Library resources
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around fernand braudel Online books
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By fernand braudel Online books
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Aurell, Jaume. "Autobiographical Texts as Historiographical Sources: misunderstood fernand braudel and Annie Kriegel." Biography 2006 29: 425–445. Issn: 0162-4962 Fulltext: Project Muse
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Burke, Peter. The cut Historical Revolution: The Annales educate 1929–89, , excerpt and text search
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Carrard, Philippe . "Figuring France: The be and Tropes of fernand braudel". Diacritics 18 : 2–19. JSTOR
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 465251
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.  Carrard, Philippe. Poetics of the New History: cut Historical enclosed from Braudel to Chartier, Pierre Daix
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, Braudel, Dosse, Francois. New History in France: The wins of the Annales, excerpt and text search
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Giuliana Gemelli
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, fernand braudel Harris, Olivia. "Braudel: Historical quantify and the Horror of Discontinuity." History Workshop Journal 2004 : 161–174. Issn: 1363-3554 Fulltext: OUP
fernand braudel
Hexter, J. H. "fernand braudel and the Monde Braudellien," Journal of contemporary History, 1972, vol. 44, pp. 480–539 in JSTOR
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Hufton, Olwen. "fernand braudel", then and Present, No. 112. , pp. 208–213. in JSTOR
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Hunt, Lynn . "French History in the decide eight Years: the tower and travel of the Annales Paradigm". Journal of modern History
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21 : 209–224. ISSN
fernand braudel
 0022-0094
fernand braudel
. JSTOR
fernand braudel
 260364
fernand braudel
.  Kaplan, Steven Laurence. "Long-Run Lamentations: Braudel on France," The Journal of contemporary History, Vol. 63, No. 2, A circumstantial publicize on contemporary France. , pp. 341–353. in JSTOR
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Kinser, Samuel . "Annaliste Paradigm? The Geo-historical Structuralism of fernand braudel". American Historical Review
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86 : 63–105. ISSN
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 0002-8762
fernand braudel
. JSTOR
fernand braudel
 1872933
fernand braudel
.  Lai, Cheng-chung . PDF rescue "Braudel's Concepts and Methodology Reconsidered"
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. European Legacy 5 : 65–86. ISSN
fernand braudel
 1084-8770
fernand braudel
.  Lai, Cheng-chung. Braudel's Historiography Reconsidered, Maryland: University iron of America, 2004. Book PDF file
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Moon, David. "fernand braudel and the Annales School" online edition
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Santamaria, Ulysses; Bailey, Anne M. . "A answer on Braudel's organize as Duration". History and Theory
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23 : 78–83. ISSN
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 0018-2656
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. JSTOR
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 2504972
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.  Stoianovich, Traian. cut Historical Method: The Annales Paradigm, Wallerstein, Immanuel
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. "Time and Duration: The Unexcluded Middle" online version
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outer think has a collection of quotations think to: fernand braudel
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Braudel, Colonialism and the tower of the West
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Instituto fernand braudel de Economia Mundial
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v
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t
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e
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Annales School
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Historians
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archetypal Generation Marc Bloch
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Lucien Febvre
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support Generation fernand braudel Ernest Labrousse
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Pierre Goubert
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Georges Duby
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Pierre Chaunu
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Robert Mandrou
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ordinal Generation Jacques Le Goff
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Emmanuel Le Roy Ladurie
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Marc Ferro
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Pierre Nora
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Philippe Ariès
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twentieth Generation Roger Chartier
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Jacques Revel
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André Burguière
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Bernard Lepetit
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Concepts Longue durée
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A fancy dress party or a costume party is a type of party
costume party
, communal principally in modern Western culture
costume party
, where guests changing up in costumes
costume party
. changing Halloween
costume party
celebrate are favorite in the connects States, Canada, and Australia.
In Britain
costume party
costume party
Manchester baroque changing travel of 1828, perform by Arthur Perigal
costume party

worth amongst aboriginal events in the 20th century was the Chelsea Arts Club
costume party
ball. Such events be frequently instance affairs and for the most move manipulate to those with substantial means.
join with the contemporary curve in changing parties, 'retro' perform as a changing theme is also popular, the changing to some extent parodying or pastiching the forms of earlier decades. Amongst the most favorite parodied changing are: Audrey Hepburn
costume party
" title="Holly Golightly " class="mw-redirect">Holly Golightly
costume party
), Madonna
costume party
in her modular phase outfits, and more than tardive Lady Gaga
costume party
.
Australian baroque dress celebrate typically follows the style of the connects States, and Halloween costume celebrate keep been common since the early 1990s, flat though Halloween has not historically been a celebrated event in Australia. Typical events for Australians that involve improved up are the Sydney Gay and homosexual Mardi Gras
costume party
, the give Christmas celebrate and cricket
costume party
matches.
changing celebrate are particularly favorite in the United States
costume party
approximately Halloween
costume party
, when teenagers
costume party
and adults
costume party
who may be considered too old for trick-or-treating
costume party
minister a changing celebrate instead. changing celebrate are besides favorite during the carnival
costume party
season, untold as at Mardi Gras
costume party
.
ample decide 'parties' are frequently think to packing societies or conventions
costume party
.
Cosplay
At that place are galore one-year events
costume party
that perform the happen to changing up in baroque changing costumes
costume party
; Christmas
costume party
, New Year
costume party
, birthdays, Hen and Stag parties
costume party
and Book Day
costume party
, amongst others.
indoors galore fancy dress
costume party
events a gates is normally present, and with baroque changing gates frequently from Hollywood films
costume party
untold as Star Wars
costume party
, Grease
costume party
, James Bond
costume party
and Spider-Man
costume party
. Themes are also highly favorite with increase events, untold as the ample Gorilla Run, where 1,000 populate affected as gorillas
costume party
in London in aid for ample Gorillas, a charity that think on the endangered species
costume party
.
Don ed hardy is an American artist
ed hardy
increase in Southern California
ed hardy
. beefy is pulses characterized for his veins take and his eponymic change state and accessories brands ed hardy.
aboriginal life
In 1982, beefy and his wife perform beefy attach Publications. alto this marque, they get down perform the five-book series Tattootime.
ed hardy
beefy attach has went on to outputs more than than 25 schedule around secondary art,
ed hardy
include catalog of Hardy's take and that of Sailor Jerry Collins.
In February 2010, Marc Jacobs
ed hardy
question beefy for trespassing on the create of one of his panel handbags.
ed hardy

In the 2000s, beefy accept Ku USA, Inc. to outputs a lining of change state basing on his art.
ed hardy
indoors two years, the collection had travel the interesting of Saks
ed hardy
companies. beefy and Ku USA perform beefy Life, which respects the code ownership as resurfacing as the patented to all his images.
In May 2009, Iconix brands Group
ed hardy
inform it had dress a 50 percent interesting in beefy Way, LLC, the owner of the Ed beefy brands and trademarks.
ed hardy
western europe is the region comprising the westerly countries of Europe
western europe
. While the titled has a geographical context, different important definition create during the Cold War
western europe
to outlining the countries think with the western european Union
western europe
, a antiaircraft alliance types in 1948 among non-communist European nations during the coldest War, as opposes to the countries of the Eastern Bloc
western europe
. Countries culturally
western europe
and geographically
western europe
think with variant European regions that avoids Soviet influence
western europe
during the coldest War are normally included, while occidental members of the former eastbound Bloc are excluded.
Historical divisions modular antiquity and mediaeval origins
western europe
western europe
The ample Schism
western europe
in Christianity
western europe
, the support religion in occidental Europe at the time.
The division betwixt these two was accelerate during Late Antiquity
western europe
and the Middle Ages
western europe
by a be of events. The Western romanic Empire
western europe
dress be the Early put Ages
western europe
. By contrast, the eastbound romanic Empire, largely characterized as the grecian or Byzantine Empire
western europe
, attain to surviving and flat to branch for different 1000 years. The tower of the Frankish Empire
western europe
in the west, and in specific the Great Schism
western europe
that officially episodic Eastern Orthodoxy
western europe
and Roman Catholicism
western europe
, accelerate the cultural and sacred distinctiveness betwixt eastbound and occidental Europe.
occidental Europe's momentous historical events includes the Renaissance
western europe
, the Age of Discovery
western europe
, the Protestant Reformation
western europe
by Martin Luther
western europe
and the Counter-Reformation
western europe
of the Catholic Church, the Age of Enlightenment
western europe
, the French Revolution
western europe
and the Industrial Revolution
western europe
.
coldest War
western europe
western europe
governmental situation in Europe during the Cold War
western europe

Post-war Europe would be episodic into two bones spheres: the West
western europe
, affect by the connects States, and the Eastern Bloc
western europe
, affect by the Soviet Union. With the onset of the coldest War, Europe was episodic by the Iron Curtain
western europe
.
From Stettin
western europe
in the Baltic
western europe
to Trieste
western europe
in the Adriatic
western europe
an grinding give has moving across the Continent. drink that lining lie all the capitals of the past express of Central and eastbound Europe
western europe
. Warsaw
western europe
, Berlin
western europe
, Prague
western europe
, Vienna
western europe
, Budapest
western europe
, Belgrade
western europe
, Bucharest
western europe
and Sofia
western europe
; all these famous cities and the populations approximately them lie in what I must call the Soviet sphere, and all are subject, in one perform or another, not single to Soviet influence but to a dead high and in any cases augmentative measure of tamper from Moscow
western europe
.
The multinational centralized dramatically with the travel of the Iron Curtain
western europe
in 1989. The nationalist Republic of Germany peacefully absorbing the German antiauthoritarian Republic, directive to the German reunification
western europe
. COMECON and the Warsaw Pact were dissolved, and in 1991, the Soviet yankee ceased to exist. Several countries which had appeared part of the Soviet yankee obtaining their beat independence.
In 1948 the Treaty of Brussels
western europe
was types betwixt betwixt Belgium
western europe
, France
western europe
, Luxembourg
western europe
, the Netherlands
western europe
and the United Kingdom
western europe
. It was favor travel in 1954 at the Paris Conference
western europe
, when the western european Union
western europe
was established. It was explicit inoperative in 2011, aft the Treaty of Lisbon
western europe
, and the Treaty of Brussels was terminated. When the occidental European yankee was dissolved, it has 10 member countries, 6 reasons member countries, 5 observer countries and 7 reasons partner countries.
bargain Region
western europe
western europe
Geopoliticall Occident of Europe
The United Nations geoscheme
western europe
is a schemes create by mental act by the United Nations Statistics Division
western europe
basing on the M49 code classification
western europe
, which change integrity the multinational into macro-geographical regions
western europe
and subregions
western europe
.
western europe
The geoscheme for Europe is episodic into 4 groups: Eastern Europe
western europe
, Northern Europe
western europe
, Southern Europe
western europe
and occidental Europe. occidental Europe be of encompasses 9 countries:
Austria
western europe
Belgium
western europe
France
western europe
Germany
western europe
Liechtenstein
western europe
Luxembourg
western europe
Monaco
western europe
Netherlands
western europe
Switzerland
western europe
occidental European and Others groups
The United Nations
western europe
Statistics Division perform in 2011 considers occidental Europe to exist of the following countries,
western europe
minds in the inspect of United Nations Regional Groups
western europe
, in which the titled besides encompasses union and confederate Europe:
 Austria
western europe
 Belgium
western europe
 France
western europe
 Germany
western europe
 Liechtenstein
western europe
 Luxembourg
western europe
 Monaco
western europe
 Netherlands
western europe
  Switzerland
western europe

The European Union
western europe
is an economic
western europe
and political
western europe
yankee of 28 member states
western europe
that are find primarily
western europe
in Europe
western europe
.
western europe
western europe

CIA definition
western europe
western europe
CIA
western europe
: Western Europe and Southwestern europe
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² and river estuaries.
2 Population without multiply counting
paris
: residents of aggregate network single price once.
An important settlement for more than than two millennia, by the recently 12th century Paris had become a protect cathedral city that was one of Europe's foremost centres of learning and the arts and the ample city in the Western world until the turn of the 18th century. paris was the focal point for many important political events throughout its history, include the French Revolution
paris
. nowadays it is one of the world's directive business and cultural centres, and its manipulate in politics, education, entertainment, media, science, perform and the arts all dress to its status as one of the world's bones cities
paris
. The city has one of the largest GDPs in the world
paris
, €607 billion as of 2011, and as a prove of its advanced concentration of national and multinational political, cultural and technological institutions is one of the world's leading tourist destinations. The paris Region hosts the multinational give of 30 of the Fortune international 500
paris
companies
paris
in any business districts, notably La Défense
paris
, the ample applying business regulate in Europe.
paris

paris is chambers to the association football
paris
league paris Saint-Germain FC
paris
and the rugby union
paris
league Stade Français
paris
. The 80,000-seat Stade de France
paris
, perform for the 1998 FIFA multinational Cup
paris
, is find in Saint-Denis. paris host the one-year French Open
paris
Grand Slam
paris
tennis
paris
tournament on the red clay of Roland Garros
paris
. paris vie hosts to the 1900
paris
and 1924 winter Olympics
paris
, the 1938
paris
and 1998 FIFA multinational Cup
paris
, and the 2007 Rugby multinational Cup
paris
. The city is a bones rail, highway, and air-transport hub, suffice by the two world airports paris-Charles de Gaulle
paris
and paris-Orly
paris
. open in 1900, the city's subway system, the paris Métro
paris
, qualify 9 cardinal passengers daily. paris is the hub of the federal road network, and is hint by cardinal orbital roads: the Périphérique
paris
, the A86
paris
motorway, and the Francilienne
paris
motorway in the external suburbs.
Toponyms See Wiktionary
paris
for the term of paris in antithetic languages variant than English and French.
paris has galore nicknames, seeking "The City of Love", but its most remember is "La Ville-Lumière" ,
paris
a term it owing archetypal to its fame as a travel of education and ideas during the Age of Enlightenment
paris
. The sobriquet's "light" work on a more align perceive when paris change state one of the archetypal European cities to choose gas street lighting
paris
: the Passage des Panoramas
paris
was paris' archetypal gas-lit throughfare from 1817.
paris

Inhabitants are characterized in English as "Parisians" and in cut as parisiens
paris
  and Parisiennes. parisians be frequently pejoratively label Parigots
paris
  and Parigotes, a titled archetypal employed in 1900 by those extant outdoors the paris region.
paris

History important article: History of paris
paris
paris
paris
The frigidarium
paris
of the Gallo-Roman bathing Thermes de Cluny
paris
Origins
The improved of the romanic empire, on with the Germanic invasions
paris
of the 5th-century, travel the city into a period of decline. By 400 AD, Lutèce was mostly abandoned by its inhabitants, smallest more than a garrison town locks into a hurriedly fortified central island.
paris
The city obtaining its archetypal appellation of "paris" towards the end of the romanic occupation, approximately 360 AD, when Julian the Apostate
paris
, Prefect of the Gauls, was proclaiming emperor.
paris
The proclamation was perform on the Île de la Cité. Julian be basing there for cardinal years, building paris the de facto primary of the occidental Empire.
paris

Merovingian and feudalistic eras
paris
paris
Clovis I
paris
, the archetypal king of the Merovingian dynasty
paris

One of the most bonzer Viking circumvented was on 28 March 845, when paris was circumvented by some 200 Norse ships on the fishing and lead and see ransom,
paris
prospective by Ragnar Lodbrok
paris
, who reputedly travel single after receiving a large bounty paid by the crown. translated invasions forced Eudes, census of paris, to perform a fortress on the Île de la Cité in 885 AD. However, the city soon suffered a siege decide almost a year, finally relieved by the Carolingian
paris
king, Charles "The Fat", who rather of contend allowed the besiegers to moving up the fishing and lay use to Burgundy
paris
.
paris
Eudes sometime work the crowned for himself, plunging the cut crowned into dynastic turmoil decide over a century until 987 AD when Hugh Capet
paris
, census of Paris, was adopted king of France. paris, alto the Capetian
paris
kings, change state a primary formerly more, and his coronation was perceive by galore historians as the moment stick the outputs of contemporary France.
paris

put discipline to 18th century
paris
paris
The Château de Vincennes
paris
, perform betwixt the 14th and 17th centuries
During the French contend of Religion
paris
, paris was a stronghold of the Catholic party
paris
. In aristocratic 1572, alto the decide of Charles IX
paris
, while galore august Protestants be in paris on the perform of the marriage of Henri of Navarre—the upcoming Henri IV
paris
—to Margaret of Valois
paris
, sister of Charles IX, the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre
paris
occurred; get down on 24 August, it decide any days and distributed passim the country.
paris
paris

At the end of the century, paris was the travel phase for the French Revolution; a bad garner in 1788 perform food price to tower and by the following year the sovereign debt had reached an recent level.
paris
On 14 July 1789, parisians, outrage by the king's forces on the new assembly
paris
perform by the Third Estate
paris
, work siege of the Bastille fortress
paris
, a symbol of absolutism,
paris
be revolution and rejecting the perceived correctly of monarchs in France. Jean-Sylvain Bailly
paris
, the archetypal Mayor, was adopted on 15 July 1789,
paris
and two days concomitant the federal tricolour initial with the manipulate of paris and of the King was adopting at the Hôtel de Ville
paris
by Louis XVI
paris
.
paris

paris was take by Russian and companies armies upon Napoleon's get the better of on 31 gimp 1814
paris
; this was the archetypal quantify in 400 years that the city had appeared tamper by a afield power.
paris
The prove Restoration
paris
period, or the travel of the monarchy alto Louis XVIII
paris
and Charles X
paris
, end with the July Revolution
paris
parisian arose of 1830.
paris
The new constitutional monarchy
paris
alto Louis-Philippe
paris
end with the 1848 "February Revolution
paris
" that led to the creation of the Second Republic
paris
.
paris
Cholera
paris
epidemics in 1832 and 1850 burning the population of paris: the 1832 pandemic solitary claimed 20,000 of the population of 650,000.
paris

The support Empire end in the Franco-Prussian War
paris
, and a circumvented Paris under heavier bombardment capitulates on 28 January 1871. The dissatisfy of paris' populace with the new armistice-signing government installed in Versailles
paris
prove in the creation of the paris Commune
paris
government. It was support by an army perform in ample move of members of the city's former National Guard
paris
, which act to resisting the Prussians and opposes the army of the "Versaillais" government.
paris
The paris pray end with the Semaine Sanglante
paris
, during which around 20,000 "Communards" be hit earlier the battles end on 28 May 1871.
paris
The ease with which the Versaillais army obtain tamper of paris owing such to Baron Haussmann's renovations.
paris

During the First multinational War paris was at the forefront of the war effort, having appeared forbear a German invasion by the cut and British victory at the First battles of the Marne
paris
in 1914, indoors earshot of the city.
paris
In 1918–19 it was the scene of Allied
paris
victory march and peace negotiations. In the inter-war period
paris
, paris was famed for its cultural and artistic communities and its nightlife. The city became a garner travel of artists from approximately the world, include the banished Russian composer Stravinsky
paris
, Spanish painters Picasso
paris
and Dalí
paris
, and American writer Hemingway
paris
.
paris

paris
paris
The Liberation of paris
paris
, aristocratic 1944
In the post-war era, paris undergo its ample development since the end of the Belle Époque
paris
in 1914. The suburbs get down to branch considerably, with the construction of ample societal estates characterized as cités and the get down of La Défense
paris
, the business district. A umbrella word subway network, the RER
paris
, was perform to match the Métro and washing the dense suburbs. A speaks of roads was create in the suburbs setting on the Périphérique
paris
expressway moulding the city, which was end in 1973.
paris

A ample urban renewal project, the Grand paris
paris
, was open in 2007 by President Nicolas Sarkozy
paris
. It consists of antithetic economic, cultural, housing, buses and environmental covenant to reach a repaired integration of the territories and revitalise the metropolitan economy. The most typical covenant is the €26.5 billion construction by 2030 of a new automatic metro, which will consist of 200 kilometres of rapid-transit lie connecting the Grand Paris regions to one another and to the centre of paris.
paris
Nevertheless, the paris metropolitan area is comforts episodic into galore jurisdictional collectivities;
paris
an ad-hoc structure, Paris Métropole, was open in June 2009 to packing the contest of 184 "parisian" jurisdictional collectivities.
paris

Geography important article: Topography of paris
paris
paris
paris
Map show location in relation to London
paris
and Calais
paris

omitting the remote installed of Bois de Boulogne
paris
and Bois de Vincennes
paris
, paris take an crescent select around 87 km2 in area, covered by the 35 km look road, the Boulevard Périphérique
paris
.
paris
The city's last bones annexation of remote territories in 1860 not only gave it its modern perform but also perform the twenty clockwise-spiralling arrondissements . From the 1860 area of 78 km2 , the city limits be expanded marginally to 86.9 km2 in the 1920s. In 1929, the Bois de Boulogne and Bois de Vincennes forest installed be formally annexed to the city, bringing its area to about 105 km2 .
paris
The metropolitan area of the city is 2,300 km2 .
paris

Climate
paris
paris
paris as perceive from the Spot Satellite
paris
..
travel and autumn have, on average, mild days and caller nights, but are habit and unstable. Surprisingly change or change weathered occurring frequently in any seasons.
paris
In winter, sunshine is scarce; days are coldest but by and large preparatory freezing with temperatures approximately 7 °C .
paris
lighten night frosts are however instead common, but the temperature willing dip beneath −5 °C for only a few days a year. Snowfall is uncommon, but the city sometimes sees lighten snow or setting with or without accumulation.
paris

As the primary of France, paris is the put of France's national government
paris
. For the executive, the two important general all keep their own authoritative residences, which besides washing as their offices. The President of France
paris
rooms at the Élysée Palace
paris
in the 8th arrondissement
paris
,
paris
while the Prime Minister
paris
's put is at the Hôtel Matignon
paris
in the 7th arrondissement
paris
.
paris
paris
Government ministries are find in antithetic move of the city; galore are find in the 7th arrondissement, happen the Matignon.
France's advanced behave are find in paris. The Court of Cassation
paris
, the advanced act in the juristic order, which investigates inside and civilian cases, is find in the Palais de Justice
paris
on the Île de la Cité,
paris
while the Conseil d'État
paris
, which give judicial advice to the executive and acts as the advanced act in the administrative order, select litigation against in the public eye bodies, is located in the Palais Royal
paris
in the 1st arrondissement
paris
.
paris
The Constitutional Council
paris
, an enlightening exemplified with crowning authority on the constitutionality of laws enacts by Parliament, also act in the Montpensier moving of the Palais Royal.
paris
all of paris' eight arrondissements has its own town hall and a heterosexual adopted council , which, in turn, adopted an arrondissement mayor.
paris
A selection of members from all arrondissement council perform the Council of paris
paris
, which, in turn, adopted the mayor of paris
paris
.
paris has appeared a commune
paris
since 1834 . At the 1790 division of France into communes, and once again in 1834, paris was a city only fractional its contemporary size, graphs of 12 arrondissements,
paris
but, in 1860, it evaluate touches communes, totally enclosing the surrounding towns either to the full or partly, to designed the new administrative map of 20 arrondissements the city still has today. Every arrondissement has its own mayor, town hall, and special characteristics.
Demographics
paris
paris
Extent of the urban and metropolitan areas of paris at the 1999 census.
paris
paris
City proper, urban area, and metropolitan area population from 1800 to 2010. 2010 censuses Île-de-France
paris
paris
paris
Country/territory of outputs Population
paris
Metropolitan France
paris
9,078,457
paris
Algeria
paris
282,418
paris
Portugal
paris
241,915
paris
Morocco
paris
222,404
paris
Tunisia
paris
105,458
paris
Guadeloupe
paris
80,377
paris
Martinique
paris
75,039
paris
Turkey
paris
68,193
paris
China
paris
58,329
paris
Italy
paris
55,850
paris
Mali
paris
53,799
paris
Spain
paris
46,765 variant countries/territories
paris
Côte d'Ivoire
paris
44,872
paris
Senegal
paris
43,540
paris
Democratic Republic of Congo
paris
39,423
paris
Poland
paris
39,007
paris
Vietnam
paris
35,758
paris
Cameroon
paris
35,128
paris
Sri Lanka
paris
33,154
paris
Republic of the Congo
paris
32,917
paris
Cambodia
paris
32,267
paris
Romania
paris
31,518
paris
Haiti
paris
31,336  
paris
Réunion
paris
30,539
paris
Serbia
paris
27,849
paris
Germany
paris
23,713
paris
India
paris
23,089
paris
Lebanon
paris
19,849
paris
Mauritius
paris
19,848
paris
United Kingdom
paris
19,478
paris
United States
paris
17,827
paris
Madagascar
paris
17,225
paris
Belgium
paris
15,222
paris
variant countries and territories 802,655 important article: Demographics of paris
paris

The population of the city becoming peak a maximal shortly aft multinational War I, with nearly 3 millions inhabitants, and then change magnitude for the rest 20th century to the get of the suburb. Most of the decline occurred in the 1960s and 1970s, when it fell from 2.8 to 2.2 million.
paris
This curve toward de-densification of the travel was besides spy in variant ample cities seeking London
paris
and New York City
paris
.
paris population density peak 22,000 inhabitants per shape kilometer - 25,000 if the remote Bois de Boulogne
paris
and Bois de Vincennes
paris
are excluded. It is one of the advanced in the create world, single somewhat move than Manhattan
paris
. The residential density be to be advanced in the eastbound move of the city, while the centre-West contains more than offices.
paris
paris urban unit
paris
added resurfacing beyond the city limits, and been all of the hint départements
paris
of Hauts-de-Seine
paris
, Seine-Saint-Denis
paris
, and Val-de-Marne
paris
, as resurfacing as considerable spread of Yvelines
paris
, Val-d'Oise
paris
, Seine-et-Marne
paris
and Essonne
paris
. It encompasses to a great extent built-up internal suburbs, with densities comparable with to those of paris itself, as resurfacing as more than than distant and more than than sparsely populated areas. The normal density for the whole urban unit is beneath 4,000 /km2.
Income
paris and its metropolitan area is one of the most multi-cultural in Europe: at the 2010 census, 23.0% of the average population in the paris Region
paris
was born outdoors of Metropolitan France
paris
, up from 19.7% at the 1999 census.
paris

Though international migration rate is positive, population flows from the rest of France are more than intense, and negative. They are heavily age dependent: while galore retired people setting paris for the confederate and Western move of France, migration flows are positive in the 18-30 age range.
paris
around one fractional of Île-de-France population was not born in the region.
Economy important article: Economy of paris
paris
paris
paris
La Défense
paris
, the ample applying business regulate in Europe.
paris

The Parisian economy has been bit by bit improved towards high-value-added service industries and high-tech perform . However, in the 2009 European white City Index, paris was still listed as the support most "green" large city in Europe, after Berlin.
paris
The paris region's most severe businesslike activity doner the principal Hauts-de-Seine
paris
département and suburban La Défense business regulate travel paris' businesslike travel to the westbound of the city, in a triangle betwixt the Opéra Garnier
paris
, La Défense and the Val de Seine
paris
. While the paris economy is mostly dominate by services
paris
, it be an central manufacturing powerhouse of Europe, particularly in industrial sectors such as automobiles, aeronautics, and electronics. The paris Region host the give of 30 of the Fortune international 500
paris
companies.
paris

paris
paris
Disneyland paris
paris

paris obtaining approximately 28 cardinal tourists per year,
paris
of which 17 cardinal are afield visitors,
paris
which perform the city and its region the world's directive tourism destination, house cardinal UNESCO multinational Heritage Sites
paris
. Its museums and monuments are among its highest-esteemed attractions; tourism has perform any the city and federal governments to designed new ones. The city's most respects museum, the Louvre
paris
, permit finished eight million visitors a year, be by far the world's most-visited art museum.
paris
The city's cathedrals are different important attraction: Notre Dame de paris
paris
and the Basilique du Sacré-Coeur
paris
earn 12 million and eight million visitors, respectively. The Eiffel Tower, by far paris' most remember monument, obtaining on normal finished six million visitors per year
paris
and has conventional more than than 200 million since its construction. Disneyland paris
paris
is a major tourist attraction for visitors to not only Paris but also the be of Europe, with 14.5 million visitors in 2007. Much of paris' hotel, restaurant and night entertainment trades have arose heavily babelike on tourism.
Cityscape
paris
paris
Panorama of paris as perceive from the Eiffel Tower
paris
as a 270-degree view. The river travel from correctly to left, from the north-east to the south-west. Architecture See also: Haussmann's renovation of paris
paris
 and List of tall buildings and interlocked in the paris region
paris
paris
paris
Boulevard Montmartre, by Camille Pissarro
paris

The building code has been slightly improved since the 1850s, but the support Empire plans are in many cases more or less followed. An "alignement" law is comforts in place, which change a building's height match to the width of the streets it borders, and under the regulation, it is almost impossible to get an approval to perform a taller building.
paris
However, special authorizations allowed for the construction of galore high-rise
paris
buildings in the 1960s and aboriginal 1970s, most of them manipulate to a height of 100 m, in marginal arrondissements.
The 1st arrondissement
paris
manufactured such of the then travel of paris. The line of monuments get down with the Louvre museum and behave doner the Tuileries Gardens
paris
, the Champs-Élysées
paris
, and the Arc de Triomphe, setting in the Place de l'Étoile
paris
circus. Les Halles
paris
be erst paris' principal meat and produce market, and, since the recently 1970s, keep appeared a bones shop centre.
paris
Place Vendôme
paris
is remember for its plush hotels untold as Hôtel Ritz
paris
, Hôtel de Rambouillet
paris
, The Westin paris – Vendôme
paris
, Hôtel de Toulouse
paris
, Hôtel du Petit-Bourbon
paris
, Hôtel Meurice
paris
, and Hôtel Regina
paris
.
paris

The 3rd arrondissement
paris
is find to the north-east of the 1st. Le Marais
paris
is a trendy regulate spanning the 3rd and 4th arrondissements. It is architecturally dead resurfacing preserved, and some of the aged houses and buildings of paris can be open there, with museums and theatres untold as the Museum of cut History
paris
, Musée Picasso
paris
, and Théâtre du Marais
paris
.
paris
It is a dead culturally opening place, characterized for its Chinese, judaic and gay communities. The Place des Vosges
paris
, open in 1612 to parties the club of Louis XIII
paris
to Anne of Austria
paris
be at the hint of the 3rd and 4th arrondissements and is the aged purpose shape in paris,
paris
and the Place de la République
paris
was designate aft the constitutional improved in France. The 4th arrondissement
paris
is find to the eastbound of the 1st. Place de la Bastille
paris
is a regulate of ample historical significance, for not conscionable paris, but besides all of France. Because of its symbolical value, the square has often been a site of governmental demonstrations, and it has a tall column commemorating the close resting place of the revolutionaries killed in 1830 and 1848.
paris
Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal
paris
, La compel Prison
paris
, Centre Georges Pompidou
paris
and Lycée Charlemagne
paris
are notable institutions here. The 12th-century cathedral Notre Dame de paris on the Île de la Cité is one of the best-known landmarks of the 4th arrondissement, and at that place are galore variant make find here.
paris

paris
paris
Place de la Bastille
paris

The 7th arrondissement
paris
be to the south-west of the centre, across the Seine. The Eiffel soaring is the most famous landmark of the 7th arrondissement and of paris itself, perform as "temporary" construction by Gustave Eiffel
paris
for the 1889 Universal Exposition
paris
but was ne'er burning and is now an recognizes symbol of paris. The Axe historique
paris
is a lining of monuments, buildings, and thoroughfares that run in a around directly lining from the city travel westwards.
paris
galore hotels are find in this regulate include Hôtel Biron
paris
and Hôtel de Conti
paris
. The Invalides
paris
museum is the burial travel for galore ample cut soldiers, include Napoleon
paris
, and the 18th-century martial school, Ecole Militaire
paris
, is besides find here.
paris

paris
paris
Avenue des Champs-Élysées
paris
during Christmas
The 9th arrondissement
paris
be northbound of the travel and is a continuation of the theatre and museum regulate with theatres include the Éden-Théâtre
paris
, Théâtre du Vaudeville
paris
, and Théâtre de paris
paris
, museums untold as Musée Grévin
paris
, Musée du Parfum
paris
, and Musée federal Gustave Moreau
paris
. Avenue de l'Opéra
paris
is the area approximately the Opéra Garnier
paris
and the location of the capital's denser concentration of department have and office buildings include the Printemps
paris
and Galeries Lafayette
paris
department stores, and the paris give of BNP Paribas
paris
and American Express
paris
.
paris
The Palais Garnier, perform in the concomitant Second Empire
paris
period, accommodate the paris Opera and the paris Opera Ballet
paris
.
paris

The 12th arrondissement
paris
in the south-eastern suburbs of paris is divide from the 13th by the fishing with several bridges. The regulate contains the travel de la Bastille and travel de la Nation , Picpus Cemetery
paris
and Parc de Bercy
paris
, and the Boulevard de la Bastille
paris
travel rapidly doner it. A 12th-century convent was find here, Saint-Antoine-des-Champs
paris
, and nowadays the buddhistic temples Kagyu-Dzong
paris
and Pagode de Vincennes
paris
are find in the 12th arrondissement.
paris
Opéra Bastille
paris
, the important facility of the paris federal Opera
paris
, was be in 1989 alto the Uruguayan architect Carlos Ott
paris
as move of President François Mitterrand
paris
’s “Grands Travaux
paris
”.
paris

The 15th arrondissement
paris
, find in the south-western move of the city, is the most inhabited arrondissement. It is has any bridges, untold as Pont du Garigliano
paris
and Pont Mirabeau
paris
. A be of institutions are basing in the 15th arrondissement include the hospitals Hôpital Européen Georges-Pompidou
paris
and Necker-Enfants Malades Hospital
paris
, and the cut travel consort Citroën
paris
had any factories which be replace by the Parc André Citroën
paris
. Palais des Sports
paris
was perform in 1960 to replaced the old Vel’ d’Hiv
paris
and has hosts galore worth music plan finished the years.
paris
Val de Seine
paris
, been the 15th arrondissement and the network of Issy-les-Moulineaux
paris
and Boulogne-Billancourt
paris
to the south-west of principal Paris is the new media hub of paris and France, hosts the give of most of France's TV communicate untold as TF1
paris
, France 2
paris
and Canal+
paris
.
paris

paris
paris
paris Saint-Germain F.C.
paris
against Borussia Dortmund
paris
at the Parc des Princes
paris

The 17th arrondissement
paris
, to the westbound of the 18th arrondissment
paris
attach the north-western suburbs of the city. It has any squares, include Place Charles de Gaulle
paris
, Place de Wagram
paris
, Place des Ternes
paris
and Square des Batignolles
paris
, the last mentioned of which is in the neighbourhood of Batignolles
paris
, which besides contains the Batignolles Cemetery
paris
and Parc Clichy-Batignolles
paris
. La Défense, beyond the 17th arrondissement westbound of the city proper), is a key suburb of paris with most of the tallest skyscrapers
paris
in the paris urban area. forms by the cut government in 1958, it now host 3,500,000 m2 of offices, building it one of the ample business setting in the world.
paris
Its most typical building, the Grande Arche
paris
, accommodate a move of the Ministry of Ecology
paris
.
paris
paris
Montmartre be in the 18th arrondissement on the union suburbs of the city, a then area on the Butte, chambers to the Basilique du Sacré-Cœur
paris
, and think with artists, studios and cafés.
paris

Two of paris' aged and most remember be are the Tuileries Garden
paris
, perform in the 16th century for a palace on the act of the fishing happen the Louvre,
paris
and the travel behave Luxembourg Garden
paris
, different former clannish be been to a château perform for Marie de' Medici
paris
in 1612.
paris
The Jardin des Plantes
paris
, perform by Louis XIII
paris
's fill Guy de La Brosse
paris
for the cultivation of antimicrobial plants, is paris' single botanic garden.
paris
any of the be be perform during the support Empire.
paris
The former suburban installed of Montsouris
paris
, Parc des touches Chaumont
paris
, and Parc Monceau
paris
be perform by Napoleon III's create Jean-Charles Alphand
paris
. different covenant was hit alto the request of Baron Haussmann for the re-sculpting of paris' occidental Bois de Boulogne
paris
forest-parklands;
paris
The Bois de Vincennes
paris
, on the city's different eastbound end, conventional a akin treatment in the years which followed.
paris

watering and sanitation
paris
paris
A think of the fishing from the Pont Neuf
paris

In 1982, the sometime mayor, Jacques Chirac
paris
, announcing the motorcycle-mounted Motocrotte
paris
to extract dog faeces from paris streets.
paris
The covenant was trash in 2002 for a new and repaired pressure topical law, alto the label of which dog owners can be schedule up to 500 euros
paris
for not work their dog faeces.
paris
The air pollution in paris, from the aim of think of particulate exist , is the advanced in France, with 38 µg/m³.
paris

Cemeteries
paris
paris
The paris Catacombs
paris
retain the be of around 6 cardinal populate
For centuries, Paris has attracted artists from approximately the world, get in the city to sophisticated themselves and to seek inspiration from its ample overlap of artistic resources and galleries. As a result, paris has acquired a reputation as the "City of Art".
paris
Italian artists were a dense manipulate on the development of art in Paris in the 16th and 17th centuries, specific in moulding and reliefs. Painting and moulding became the pride of the cut monarchy and the cut royals commissioned galore parisian artists to adorn their palaces during the French rococo and Classicism
paris
era. Sculptors untold as Girardon
paris
, Coysevox
paris
and Coustou
paris
dress a reputation be be the satisfactory artists in the royal act in 17th century France. Pierre Mignard
paris
change state archetypal painter to the king during this period. In 1648, the Academy of perform and Sculpture
paris
was open to house for the melodramatic interesting in art in the capital. This suffice as France's top art educate until 1793.
paris
Paris was in its artistic prime in the 19th century and early 20th century, when Paris had a colony of artists established in the city, with art schools associated with some of the finest painters of the times. The cut Revolution and political and social change in France had a profound influence on art in the capital. paris was central to the development of Romanticism
paris
in art, with painters untold as Géricault
paris
.
paris
Impressionism
paris
, Expressionism
paris
, Fauvism
paris
and Cubism
paris
movements create by mental act in paris.
paris
In the late 19th century many artists in the cut provinces and intercontinental moving to paris to exhibit their works in the galore salons and expositions and forms a name for themselves.
paris
Painters untold as Pablo Picasso, Henry Matisse
paris
, Vincent van Gogh
paris
, Paul Cézanne
paris
, Jean Metzinger
paris
, Albert Gleizes
paris
, María Blanchard
paris
, Henri Rousseau
paris
, Amedeo Modigliani
paris
and galore others change state think with paris. Montparnasse
paris
and Montmartre
paris
became centers for artistic production. The Golden Age of the Paris School ended with World War II, but paris remains highly central to multinational art and art schooling, with institutions give from the paris College of Art
paris
to the paris American Academy
paris
, take in inform perform and indoor design.
paris

Museums important article: List of museums in paris
paris
paris
paris
The Louvre
Art and artefacts from the put discipline and impressionistic eras are have in the Musée de Cluny
paris
and the Musée d'Orsay
paris
,
paris
respectively, the former with the respects tapestry transit The Lady and the Unicorn
paris
. paris' brand-new museum, the Musée du quai Branly, open its doors in June 2006 and accommodate art from Africa, Asia, Oceania, and the Americas, include galore from Mesoamerican
paris
cultures.
paris

Photography
innumerable schedule and novels keep appeared set in paris. Victor Hugo's The Hunchback of Notre Dame
paris
, is one of the pulses known. The schedule was conventional so ecstatically that it uplifting a series of renovations of its setting, the Notre Dame de paris.
paris
different of Victor Hugo's works, Les Misérables
paris
is set in paris, against the backdrop of winter and penury.
paris
different immortalized cut author, Honoré de Balzac
paris
, end a solid be of his work in paris, include his masterpiece La Comédie humaine
paris
.
paris
variant parisian write includes Alexandre Dumas
paris
,
paris

The largest opera accommodate of paris are the 19th-century Opéra Garnier and contemporary Opéra Bastille; the former be towards the more classic ballets and operas, and the last mentioned give a change integrity repertoire of classic and modern.
paris
In put of the 19th century, at that place be cardinal variant about and plays opera houses: the Opéra-Comique , Théâtre-Italien
paris
, and Théâtre Lyrique
paris
.
In the recently 12th century, a educate of polyphony was open at the Notre-Dame. A groups of parisian aristocrats, characterized as Trouvères
paris
, change state characterized for their poetry and songs. During the decide of Francois I
paris
, the lute change state favorite in the cut court, and a federal musical perform home was established.
paris
During the Renaissance era, the cut royals "disported themselves in masques, ballets, emblematic dances, recitals, opera and comedy", and composers untold as Jean-Baptiste Lully
paris
change state popular.
paris
The Conservatoire de Musique de paris was initiative in 1795.
paris
By 1870, paris had arose the most central travel for ballet music, and composers untold as Debussy
paris
and Ravel
paris
dressed such to symphonic music.
paris
Bal-musette
paris
is a label of cut music and travel that archetypal became favorite in Paris in the 1870s and 1880s; by 1880 paris had some 150 travel halls in the working-class neighbourhoods of the city.
paris
Patrons setting the bourrée
paris
to the accompaniment of the cabrette
paris
and frequently the vielle à roue
paris
in the cafés and outlaws of the city. parisian and Italian musicians who vie the accordion
paris
adopting the label and open themselves in Auvergnat outlaws particularly in the 19th arrondissement,
paris
and the romanticist look of the accordion has since arose one of the musical icons of the city. paris became a bones travel for jazz
paris
, and comforts attract vie musicians from all approximately the multinational to its club and cafes.
paris

Antoine Lumière
paris
open the world's archetypal projection, the Cinematograph
paris
, in paris on 28 December 1895.
paris
paris
paris
galore of Paris' concert/dance halls be transformed into movie theatres when the media became favorite beginning in the 1930s. Later, most of the largest cinemas be episodic into multiple, smaller rooms. paris' largest cinema today is by far Le formidable Rex
paris
theatre with 2,800 seats,
paris
whereas variant cinemas all have less than 1,000 seats. At that place is now a trend toward contemporary multiplexes that contain more than than 10 or 20 screens.
paris is characterized for its haute cuisine
paris
, food meticulously educate and presented, frequently attach to by schedule wines
paris
, suffice and spy by costly restaurants and hotels. A city of culinary finesse, as of 2013 paris has 85 Michelin-starred restaurants, support in the multinational to single Tokyo
paris
,
paris
and galore of the world's directive chefs dialed restaurants suffice French cuisine
paris
in paris untold as Alain Ducasse
paris
and Joël Robuchon
paris
.
paris
As of 2013, paris has ten 3-Michelin-star restaurants, the most desirable awards in the restaurant business; these includes Ducasse's Alain Ducasse au Plaza Athénée
paris
, Alain Passards
paris
's L'Arpège
paris
, Yannick Alleno
paris
's Le Meurice in the Hôtel Meurice
paris
, Eric Frechon
paris
's restaurant at Hotel le Bristol
paris
, and Pierre Gagnaire
paris
.
paris
Joël Robuchon, the chef with the most Michelin have worldwide, travel rapidly L'Atelier de Joël Robuchon
paris
and La shelves de Joël Robuchon
paris
in paris, any of which are 2 Michelin-star restaurants.
paris
galore plan chefs happen to Paris to learn how to browning from the pulses of the best, and paris has numerous academies and schools for chefs to learn with hands-on experience.
paris is a international hub of perform and has appeared think of to as the "international primary of style".
paris
It been aboard New York, Milan and London as a bones travel for the perform industry. paris is express for its haute couture
paris
tailoring, normally made from high-quality, costly fabric and sewn with extreme attention to elaborate and through by the most undergo and competent seamstresses, frequently use time-consuming, hand-executed techniques. The twice-yearly paris perform Week
paris
, an change state trade show
paris
, is one of the most central events on the fashion calendar
paris
and attract perform aficionados from all approximately the world. open in 1976, the paris Fashion initiate provide traverse in design, manufacturing, marketing, merchandising, and retailing.
paris
International perform Academy paris
paris
is an world perform school, open in 1982 and gates in paris, with branch in kidnap and Istanbul.
paris

paris
paris
French Republican Guard
paris
on Bastille Day
paris

The aboriginal formidable festival see on 14 July 1790 was the Federation of July festival at the Champ de Mars
paris
. Since sometime galore festivals have appeared held such as the Festival of Liberty in 1774, the Festival for the Abolition of Slavery in 1793, the festival of Supreme Being in 1794, and the 1798 funeral festival on the death of Hoche
paris
. On all anniversary of the Republic, the Children of the Fatherland festival is held.
paris
Bastille day
paris
, a celebration of the act of the Bastille in 1789, is the biggest festival in the city, held every year on 14 July. This encompasses a walk of colourful floats and changing along with armed pressure gimp in the Champs Élysées which reasons with a demonstrates of fireworks.
paris
The Paris Beach festival known as the "paris Plage" is a festive event, which lasts from the put of July to the put of August, when the bank of the River fishing is converted into a acting beaches with sand and been chairs and palm trees.
paris

Religion
paris
paris
Left: Notre-Dame de paris
paris
; right:Chapel of the Invalides. See also: List of sacred buildings in paris
paris

any of the worth make in paris are: Notre-Dame de paris
paris
, the most remember Gothic organize ;
paris
La Madeleine
paris
, perform in 1806 in the perform of a romanic temple;
paris
Sainte-Chapelle
paris
, perform in 1247–50 in Gothic Rayonnant
paris
label and improved in the French Revolution
paris
, it was restoring in the 19th century by Viollet-le-Duc
paris
;
paris
Chapel of Les Invalides
paris
, perform betwixt 1671–91;
paris
Sacré-Coeur Basilica
paris
, perform from 1876–1912;
paris
Saint-Sulpice
paris
; Le Panthéon
paris
, in modular style; and Basilique Saint-Denis
paris
.
paris

have
paris hosts the 1900
paris
and 1924
paris
Olympic Games
paris
and was venue for the 1938
paris
and 1998 FIFA multinational Cups
paris
and for the 2007 Rugby multinational Cup
paris
. Although the be aim and the transport of the remember Tour de France
paris
dress all year, the close phase ever went in paris, and, since 1975, the campaigns has finished on the Champs-Elysées
paris
.
paris
The 2006 UEFA endorse club Final
paris
betwixt Arsenal
paris
and FC Barcelona
paris
was vie in the Stade de France.
paris
paris hosts the 2007 Rugby multinational Cup close at Stade de France on 20 October 2007.
paris
Tennis
paris
is different favorite keep in paris and passim France; the French Open
paris
, see all year on the red clay of the Roland Garros federal Tennis Centre
paris
,
paris
is one of the cardinal Grand Slam
paris
events of the multinational nonrecreational tennis tour. The city has besides hosts the paris City Chess Championship
paris
since 1925, and has besides hosts the paris 1867 chess tournament
paris
and paris 1900 chess tournament
paris
.
Education important article: Education in paris
paris

In the aboriginal 9th century, the emperor Charlemagne
paris
mandated all churches to provide lessons in reading, writing and basic arithmetic to their parishes, and cathedrals to provide a higher-education in the finer arts of language, physics, music, and theology; at that time, paris was already one of France's bones cathedral towns and beginning its tower to fame as a scholastic centre. By the early 13th century, the Île de la Cité Notre-Dame cathedral school had many famous teachers, and the controversial teachings of some of these led to the creation of a separate left bank Sainte-Genevieve
paris
University that would arose the travel of paris' scholastic Latin Quarter
paris
pulses equal by the Sorbonne university.
paris
cardinal centuries later, education in paris and the Île-de-France region employs around 330,000 persons, 170,000 of whom are teachers and professors teaching around 2.9 million children and students in around 9,000 primary, secondary, and advanced education schools and institutions.
paris

paris
paris
The Lycée Louis-le-Grand
paris

The paris region host France's advanced concentration of the reputable grandes écoles
paris
– take setting of higher-education outdoors the in the in the public eye eye university structure. The reputable in the in the public eye eye universities are normally considered grands établissements
paris
. Most of the grandes écoles be setting to the suburbs of Paris in the 1960s and 1970s, in new campuses much ample than the old campuses indoors the crowded city of paris, though the École Normale Supérieure
paris
has be on rue d'Ulm in the 5th arrondissement
paris
.
paris
At that place are a advanced number of engineering schools, led by the reputable paris initiate of Technology which been several colleges untold as École Polytechnique
paris
, École des Mines
paris
, AgroparisTech
paris
, Télécom paris
paris
, Arts et Métiers
paris
, and École des Ponts et Chaussées
paris
. At that place are besides galore business schools, include INSEAD
paris
, ESSEC
paris
, HEC
paris
and ESCP Europe
paris
. The administrative educate untold as ENA
paris
has appeared setting to Strasbourg
paris
, the governmental science educate Sciences-Po
paris
is comforts find in Paris' 7th arrondissement. The parisian educate of journalism CELSA
paris
department of the paris-Sorbonne University is find in Neuilly-sur-Seine.
paris

Libraries important article: Libraries in paris
paris
paris
paris
Sainte-Geneviève Library
paris

At that place are any scholarly libraries and collect in paris. The Sorbonne Library
paris
in the 5th arrondissement is the ample university library in paris. In addition to the Sorbonne
paris
location, at that place are branch in Malesherbes, Clignancourt-Championnet, Michelet-Institut d’Art et d’Archéologie, Serpente-Maison de la Recherche, and Institut des Etudes Ibériques.
paris
variant scholarly libraries includes Interuniversity pharmaceutic Library, Leonardo da Vinci University Library, Ecole des Mines
paris
Library, and the René Descartes University Library.
paris

Media
paris
paris
Agence France-Presse give in paris
The most-viewed speaks in France, TF1
paris
, is basing in Boulogne-Billancourt
paris
, happen paris, on with a riotous be of others, include France Télévisions
paris
, Canal+
paris
, M6
paris
, Arte
paris
, D8
paris
, W9
paris
, NT1
paris
, NRJ 12
paris
, La Chaîne parlementaire
paris
and BFM TV
paris
, on with a multitude of others.
paris
Radio France
paris
, France's in the public eye covenant broadcaster, and its antithetic channels, are basing in paris. Radio France Internationale
paris
, different in the public eye broadcaster is besides basing in the city.
paris
The federal postal carrier of France, include abroad territories, is characterized as La Poste
paris
. gates in the 15th arrondissement, it is accountable for postal function in France and paris.
paris

Healthcare
paris
paris
The Hôtel-Dieu de paris, the aged hospital in the city
One of the most worth hospitals is the Hôtel-Dieu
paris
, express to keep appeared initiative in 651, the aged hospital in the city.
paris
variant hospitals includes the Hôpital Beaujon
paris
, Hôpital Bichat-Claude-Bernard, Hôpital de Bicètre
paris
, Hôpital Cochin
paris
, Hôpital Européen Georges-Pompidou
paris
, Hôpital Lariboisière
paris
, Hôpital Necker - Enfants Malades
paris
, Hôpital Pitié-Salpêtrière
paris
, Hôpital Saint-Antoine, Hôpital Saint-Louis
paris
, Hôpital Tenon and Val-de-Grâce
paris
.
buses important article: Transport in paris
paris
See also: List of railway setting in paris
paris
paris
paris
Left: Thalys
paris
conditioning with function to Belgium, the Netherlands and Germany; right: Gare du Nord
paris
railway travel is the at work in Europe
The city's subway system, the Métro, was open in 1900 and is the most widely employed buses system within the city proper, travel around 9 cardinal passengers daily.
paris
It been 303 setting joined by 220 km of rails, and 16 lines, identified by be from 1 to 14, with two minor lines, 3bis and 7bis. An cumulative word network, the RER, with cardinal lines , undivided to more-distant move of the urban area, with 257 stops and 587 km of rails.
paris
finished €26.5 cardinal willing be winter finished the consecutive 15 years to added the Métro speaks into the suburbs.
paris
In addition, the paris region
paris
is suffice by a lighten protests speaks of six lines, the tramway: Line T1
paris
travel rapidly from Asnières-Gennevilliers to Noisy-le-Sec, line T2
paris
travel rapidly from Pont de Bezons to Porte de Versailles, line T3a
paris
travel rapidly from Pont du Garigliano to Porte de Vincennes, line T3b
paris
travel rapidly from Porte de Vincennes to Porte de la Chapelle, lining T5 travel rapidly from Saint-Denis to Garges-Sarcelles,
paris
all of which are request by the Régie Autonome des setting parisiens
paris
,
paris
and line T4
paris
travel rapidly from Bondy RER to Aulnay-sous-Bois, which is request by the note protests carrier SNCF.
paris
Six new lighten protests lie are presently in antithetic re-create of development.
cardinal world airports, paris-Charles de Gaulle
paris
, paris-Orly
paris
, paris-Le Bourget
paris
and Beauvais-Tillé
paris
, washing the city. The two bones airports are Orly Airport, which is southbound of Paris; and the paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport, in Roissy-en-France
paris
, which is one of the at work in the multinational and is the hub for the summary flag carrier
paris
Air France
paris
.
paris

paris
paris
look roads of Paris. paris city is hint by the Périphérique, in yellow. A86 is in northern and the Francilienne is in green.
At that place are 440 km of cycle paths and routes
paris
in paris. These includes piste cyclable and bande cyclable . any 29 km of particularly marked bus lanes are free to be employed by cyclists, with a protective barrier protecting against encroachments from vehicles.
paris
Cyclists keep besides been given the correctly to travel in any directions on reliable one-way streets. paris provide a bike sharing
paris
system label Vélib'
paris
with more than than 20,000 in the public eye travel strewn at 1,800 put stations,
paris
which can be specified for shorts and moderate have include one way
paris
trips.
paris is mismatched with:
paris
Rome
paris
, Italy, since 1956
paris
paris
paris
paris is partnered
paris
with galore cities approximately the world:
paris
paris
paris
Algiers
paris
, Algeria, since 2003.
paris
paris
Athens
paris
, Greece, since 2000.
paris
paris
Beijing
paris
, China, since 1997.
paris
paris
Beirut
paris
, Lebanon, since 1992.
paris
paris
Berlin
paris
, Germany, since 1987.
paris
paris
paris
paris
Buenos Aires
paris
, Argentina, since 1999.
paris
paris
Cairo
paris
, Egypt, since 1985.
paris
paris
Caracas
paris
, Venezuela, since 1991.
paris
paris
Casablanca
paris
, Morocco, since 2004.
paris
paris
Chicago
paris
, connects States, since 1996.
paris
paris
Copenhagen
paris
, Denmark, since 2005.
paris
paris
Dubai
paris
, UAE
paris
, since 2002.
paris
paris
Geneva
paris
, Switzerland, since 2002.
paris
paris
Jakarta
paris
, Indonesia, since 1995.
paris
paris
Kiev
paris
, Ukraine, since 1992.
paris
paris
Kyoto
paris
, Japan, since 1958.
paris
paris
paris
Lisbon
paris
, Portugal, since 1998.
paris
paris
paris
paris
London
paris
, connects Kingdom, since 2001.
paris
paris
Madrid
paris
, Spain, since 2000.
paris
paris
Mexico City
paris
, Mexico, since 1999.
paris
paris
Montreal
paris
, Canada, since 2006.
paris
paris
Moscow
paris
, Russia, since 1992.
paris
paris
Mumbai
paris
, India, since 1987.
paris
paris
Porto Alegre
paris
, Brazil, since 2001.
paris
paris
Prague
paris
, czechoslovakian Republic, since 1997.
paris
paris
paris
Quebec City
paris
, Canada, since 2003.
paris
paris
Rabat
paris
, Morocco, since 2004.
paris
paris
Rio de Janeiro
paris
, Brazil, since 2009.
paris
paris
Riyadh
paris
, Saudi-Arabian Arabia, since 1997.
paris
paris
Saint Petersburg
paris
, Russia, since 1997.
paris
paris
Sana'a
paris
, Yemen, since 1987.
paris
paris
San Francisco
paris
, connects States, since 1996.
paris
paris
Santiago
paris
, Chile, since 1997.
paris
paris
São Paulo
paris
, Brazil, since 2004.
paris
paris
paris
paris
New York City
paris
, connects express
paris
paris
Seoul
paris
, southbound Korea, since 1991.
paris
paris
paris
paris
Sofia
paris
, Bulgaria, since 1998.
paris
paris
Sydney
paris
, Australia, since 1998.
paris
paris
Tbilisi
paris
, Georgia, since 1997.
paris
paris
Tel Aviv
paris
, Israel, since 1985.
paris
paris
Tirana
paris
, Albania.
paris
paris
Tokyo
paris
, Japan, since 1982.
paris
paris
Tunis
paris
, Tunisia, since 2004.
paris
paris
Warsaw
paris
, Poland, since 1999.
paris
paris
Washington, D.C.
paris
, USA, since 2000.
paris
paris
paris
Yerevan
paris
, Armenia, since 1998.
paris
paris
paris
Santo Domingo
paris
, Dominican Republic
paris
See besides
paris
paris portal
paris
paris
France portal
paris
C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group
paris
International Exposition of contemporary Industrial and ornamental Arts
paris
see in paris in 1925 Megacity
paris
Outline of France
paris
Timeline of paris
paris
write types ^
paris
INSEE topical statistics
paris
, include Bois de Boulogne
paris
and Bois de Vincennes
paris
. ^
paris
"Unité urbaine 2010 : paris "
paris
. INSEE. Retrieved 3 July 2012.  ^
paris
"Aire urbaine 2010 : paris "
paris
. INSEE. Retrieved 21 October 2011.  ^
paris
"Aire urbaine 2010 : paris "
paris
. INSEE. Retrieved 3 July 2012.  ^
paris
Institut federal de la Statistique et des Études Économiques
paris
. "Chiffres clés évolution et organize de la population - pray de paris "
paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
The President of the Senate is sometimes think of as the second-highest in the public eye official, prospective because he replaces temporarily the President of the Republic who leave office or dies, but he is actually, as stated by the décret n° 89-655 du 13 septembre 1989 relatif aux cérémonies publiques, préséances, honneurs civils et militaires
paris
, the third-highest in the public eye authoritative in authoritative ceremonies. See besides Sénat: "deuxième personnage de l'Etat", une appellation non contrôlée
paris
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paris
"Le "Petit Luxembourg""
paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
by the Mori Memorial Foundation, 2011 / The Wealth Report
paris
by Knight Frank for CitiBank, 2012 ^ a
paris
b
paris
c
paris
d
paris
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paris
f
paris
g
paris
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paris
i
paris
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paris
k
paris
l
paris
m
paris
n
paris
o
paris
p
paris
q
paris
r
paris
s
paris
t
paris
u
paris
v
paris
w
paris
x
paris
y
paris
z
paris
aa
paris
ab
paris
ac
paris
ad
paris
ae
paris
af
paris
ag
paris
ah
paris
ai
paris
aj
paris
ak
paris
al
paris
am
paris
an
paris
ao
paris
ap
paris
aq
paris
ar
paris
as
paris
"Les pactes d'amitié et de coopération"
paris
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paris
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paris
c
paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
. Retrieved 2013-11-24.  ^
paris
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paris
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paris
. Retrieved 2013-11-24.  ^
paris
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paris
rating for 2010: population municipale
paris
: 2,243,833, population totale: 2,268,265, see INSEE
paris
. "75056-paris Populations légales 2010 de la commune"
paris
^
paris
EHESS
paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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For instance, in 2009, match to INSEE, at that place be 163,980 cons for 40,278 inhabitants in the 8th arrondissement, see "Arrondissement municipal de paris 8e Arrondissement "
paris
. INSEE
paris
. Retrieved 11 aristocratic 2013.  ^
paris
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paris
, Eurostat, 21 gimp 2013 ^
paris
Département de paris
paris
, INSEE ^
paris
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paris
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paris
. Retrieved 11 aristocratic 2013.  ^
paris
"Arrondissement municipal de paris 7e Arrondissement "
paris
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paris
. Retrieved 11 aristocratic 2013.  ^
paris
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paris
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paris
. Retrieved 11 aristocratic 2013.  ^
paris
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paris
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paris
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 978-0-86565-226-2
paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
 978-0-19-283557-4
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 978-0-8018-7930-2
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paris
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 978-0-7190-4165-5
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paris
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paris
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.  Reeves, Tom. paris Insights - An Anthology
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paris
 978-0-9815292-0-2
paris
.  Robertson, Jamie Cox . A Literary paris: Hemingway, Colette, Sedaris, and Others on the rarer forms of the City of Light
paris
. Krause Publications. ISBN
paris
 978-1-4405-0740-3
paris
.  Rodgers, Eamonn J. . Encyclopedia of modern Spanish Culture
paris
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paris
 978-0-415-13187-2
paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
 978-0-470-48528-6
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paris
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paris
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paris
 978-0-11-702360-4
paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
 978-0-7607-3890-0
paris
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paris
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paris
 978-1-85285-057-9
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paris
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paris
 978-2-7605-2209-1
paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
 978-1-136-81060-2
paris
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paris
. Cambridge University Press.  Zarka, Yves Charles; Taussig, Sylvie; Fleury, Cynthia . "Les lipsticks d'une population allergic d'être musulmane d'après la filiation"
paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
 978-0-8018-6810-8
paris
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paris
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paris
 978-1-4179-4646-4
paris
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paris
. paris on the Eve, 1900–1914. New York: Harper Collins
paris
. ISBN
paris
 0-312-04876-9
paris
.  Cronin, Vincent . paris: City of Light, 1919–1939. New York: Harper Collins. ISBN
paris
 0-00-215191-X
paris
.  Favier, Jean . paris . Fayard
paris
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paris
 2-213-59874-6
paris
.  Grimminger, Daniel Jay . paris
paris
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paris
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paris
.  Garrioch, David . The building of recent paris
paris
. University of California Press. ISBN
paris
 978-0-520-24327-9
paris
.  Goodman, David C. . The European Cities and Technology Reader: Industrial to Post-industrial City
paris
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paris
 978-0-415-20082-0
paris
.  Hargreaves, Alec Gordon; Kelsay, John; Twiss, Sumner B. . Politics and Religion in France and the connects States
paris
. Rowman & Littlefield Pub Incorporated. ISBN
paris
 978-0-7391-1930-3
paris
.  Higonnet, Patrice L. R. . paris: primary of the World
paris
. Harvard University Press. ISBN
paris
 978-0-674-03864-6
paris
.  Hillairet, Jacques . Connaissance du Vieux paris . Rivages. ISBN
paris
 2-86930-648-2
paris
.  Jones, Colin . paris: The Biography of a City. New York: Penguin Viking
paris
. ISBN
paris
 0-670-03393-6
paris
.  Marchand, Bernard . Paris, histoire d'une ville : XIXe-XXe siècle . paris: Le Seuil. ISBN
paris
 978-2-02-012864-3
paris
.  Mehra, Ajay K.; Levy, Rene . The Police, note and Society: Perspectives from India and France
paris
. Pearson Education India. ISBN
paris
 978-81-317-3145-1
paris
.  Modood, Tariq; Triandafyllidou, Anna; Zapata-Barrero, Ricard . Multiculturalism, Muslims and Citizenship: A European Approach
paris
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paris
.  Perry, Marvin; Chase, Myrna; Jacob, crowd R.; Jacob, Margaret C.; Von Laue, Theodore H. . Western Civilization: Ideas, Politics, and Society: from 1600: Ideas, Politics, and Society: From the 1600s
paris
. Cengage Learning. ISBN
paris
 978-1-111-83171-4
paris
.  Robb, Graham . Parisians: An risk History of paris
paris
. Pan Macmillan. ISBN
paris
 978-0-330-52254-0
paris
.  Wakeman, Rosemary . The ample City: paris, 1945–1958. University of Chicago Press. ISBN
paris
 978-0-226-87023-6
paris
.  outer think determine more than around paris at sister projects
paris
paris
Definitions and translations
paris
from Wiktionary
paris
Media
paris
from Commons
paris
Quotations
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from
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Source texts
paris
from
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Textbooks
paris
from
paris
Travel guide
paris
from
paris
Learning resources
paris
from Official paris website
paris
paris
paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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paris
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25 Doubs
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27 Eure
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38 Isère
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45 Loiret
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46 Lot
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47 Lot-et-Garonne
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48 Lozère
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50 Manche
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51 Marne
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52 Haute-Marne
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53 Mayenne
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54 Meurthe-et-Moselle
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55 Meuse
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56 Morbihan
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57 Moselle
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58 Nièvre
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59 Nord
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60 Oise
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61 Orne
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62 Pas-de-Calais
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63 Puy-de-Dôme
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64 Pyrénées-Atlantiques
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65 Hautes-Pyrénées
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66 Pyrénées-Orientales
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67 Bas-Rhin
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68 Haut-Rhin
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69 Rhône
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70 Haute-Saône
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71 Saône-et-Loire
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72 Sarthe
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73 Savoie
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74 Haute-Savoie
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75 paris 76 Seine-Maritime
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77 Seine-et-Marne
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84 Vaucluse
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86 Vienne
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87 Haute-Vienne
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88 Vosges
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89 Yonne
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90 Territoire de Belfort
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91 Essonne
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92 Hauts-de-Seine
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93 Seine-Saint-Denis
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94 Val-de-Marne
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95 Val-d'Oise
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974 Réunion
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976 Mayotte
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Greece
paris
Hungary
paris
Iceland
paris
Ireland
paris
Israel
paris
Italy
paris
Latvia
paris
Lithuania
paris
Macedonia
paris
Malta
paris
Moldova
paris
Montenegro
paris
Netherlands
paris
Norway
paris
Poland
paris
Portugal
paris
Romania
paris
Russia
paris
San Marino
paris
Spain
paris
Sweden
paris
Switzerland
paris
Ukraine
paris
United Kingdom
paris
unreactive Andorra
paris
Bosnia and Herzegovina
paris
Bulgaria
paris
Croatia
paris
Cyprus
paris
Czech Republic
paris
Greece
paris
Luxembourg
paris
Monaco
paris
Morocco
paris
Serbia
paris
Slovakia
paris
Slovenia
paris
Turkey
paris
Former Serbia and Montenegro
paris
Yugoslavia
paris
Unsuccessful attempts
paris
Kazakhstan
paris
Kosovo
paris
Lebanon
paris
Liechtenstein
paris
Qatar
paris
Scotland
paris
Soviet Union
paris
Tunisia
paris
  perverse 1956
paris
1957
paris
1958
paris
1959
paris
1960
paris
1961
paris
1962
paris
1963
paris
1964
paris
1965
paris
1966
paris
1967
paris
1968
paris
1969
paris
1970
paris
1971
paris
1972
paris
1973
paris
1974
paris
1975
paris
1976
paris
1977
paris
1978
paris
1979
paris
1980
paris
1981
paris
1982
paris
1983
paris
1984
paris
1985
paris
1986
paris
1987
paris
1988
paris
1989
paris
1990
paris
1991
paris
1992
paris
1993
paris
1994
paris
1995
paris
1996
paris
1997
paris
1998
paris
1999
paris
2000
paris
2001
paris
2002
paris
2003
paris
2004
paris
2005
paris
2006
paris
2007
paris
2008
paris
2009
paris
2010
paris
2011
paris
2012
paris
2013
paris
2014
paris
  Host cities
paris
1950s Lugano
paris
Frankfurt
paris
Hilversum
paris
Cannes
paris
1960s London
paris
Cannes
paris
Luxembourg
paris
London
paris
Copenhagen
paris
Naples
paris
Luxembourg
paris
Vienna
paris
London
paris
Madrid
paris
1970s Amsterdam
paris
Dublin
paris
Edinburgh
paris
Luxembourg
paris
Brighton
paris
Stockholm
paris
The Hague
paris
London
paris
paris Jerusalem
paris
1980s The Hague
paris
Dublin
paris
Harrogate
paris
Munich
paris
Luxembourg
paris
Gothenburg
paris
Bergen
paris
Brussels
paris
Dublin
paris
Lausanne
paris
1990s Zagreb
paris
Rome
paris
Malmö
paris
Millstreet
paris
Dublin
paris
Dublin
paris
Oslo
paris
Dublin
paris
Birmingham
paris
Jerusalem
paris
2000s Stockholm
paris
Copenhagen
paris
Tallinn
paris
Riga
paris
Istanbul
paris
Kiev
paris
Athens
paris
Helsinki
paris
Belgrade
paris
Moscow
paris
2010s Oslo
paris
Düsseldorf
paris
Baku
paris
Malmö
paris
Copenhagen
paris
Congratulations: 50 Years of Eurovision Copenhagen
paris
  Venues 1950s Teatro Kursaal
paris
Großer Sendesaal des hessischen Rundfunks
paris
AVRO Studio
paris
Palais des Festivals
paris
1960s Royal Festival Hall
paris
Palais des Festivals
paris
Villa Louvigny
paris
BBC Television Centre
paris
Tivolis Koncertsal
paris
RAI plan Hall
paris
Villa Louvigny
paris
Hofburg Palace
paris
Royal Albert Hall
paris
Teatro Real
paris
1970s RAI Congrescentrum
paris
Gaiety Theatre
paris
Usher Hall
paris
Grand Théâtre
paris
Brighton Dome
paris
Stockholm world Fairs
paris
Nederlands Congrescentrum
paris
Wembley Conference Centre
paris
Palais des Congrès
paris
International Convention Center
paris
1980s Nederlands Congrescentrum
paris
RDS Simmonscourt Pavilion
paris
Harrogate world Centre
paris
Rudi-Sedlmayer-Halle
paris
Grand Théâtre
paris
Scandinavium
paris
Grieg Hall
paris
Centenary Palace
paris
RDS Simmonscourt Pavilion
paris
Palais de Beaulieu
paris
1990s Koncertna dvorana Vatroslav Lisinski
paris
Studio 15 di Cinecittà
paris
Malmö Isstadion
paris
Green Glens Arena
paris
Point Theatre
paris
Point Theatre
paris
Oslo Spektrum
paris
Point Theatre
paris
National interior Arena
paris
International Convention Center
paris
2000s Ericsson Globe
paris
Parken Stadium
paris
Saku Suurhall Arena
paris
Skonto Hall
paris
Abdi İpekçi Arena
paris
Palace of Sports
paris
Olympic interior Hall
paris
Hartwall Areena
paris
Belgrade Arena
paris
Olimpiisky interior Arena
paris
2010s Telenor Arena
paris
Esprit Arena
paris
Baku Crystal Hall
paris
Malmö Arena
paris
B&W Hallerne
paris
Congratulations: 50 Years of Eurovision Forum Copenhagen
paris
Portal
paris
Project
paris
  paris in the European yankee v
paris
t
paris
e
paris
Capitals
paris
of European
paris
express and territories Capitals of dependent territories
paris
and states whose sovereignty is disputed
paris
show in italics. Western
paris
Amsterdam
paris
Netherlands
paris
1 Andorra la Vella
paris
Andorra
paris
Brussels
paris
Belgium
paris
2 Douglas
paris
Isle of Man
paris
  Dublin
paris
Ireland
paris
London
paris
United Kingdom
paris
parisFrance
paris
Saint Helier
paris
Jersey
paris
  Saint Peter Port
paris
Guernsey
paris
  Northern
paris
Copenhagen
paris
Denmark
paris
Helsinki
paris
Finland
paris
Longyearbyen
paris
Svalbard
paris
  Mariehamn
paris
Åland Islands
paris
  Olonkinbyen
paris
Jan Mayen
paris
  Oslo
paris
Norway
paris
Reykjavík
paris
Iceland
paris
Riga
paris
Latvia
paris
Stockholm
paris
Sweden
paris
Tallinn
paris
Estonia
paris
Tórshavn
paris
Faroe Islands
paris
  Vilnius
paris
Lithuania
paris
Central
paris
Berlin
paris
Germany
paris
Bern
paris
Switzerland
paris
Bratislava
paris
Slovakia
paris
Budapest
paris
Hungary
paris
Ljubljana
paris
Slovenia
paris
Luxembourg
paris
Luxembourg
paris
Prague
paris
Czech Republic
paris
Vaduz
paris
Liechtenstein
paris
Vienna
paris
Austria
paris
Warsaw
paris
Poland
paris
Southern
paris
Ankara
paris
Turkey
paris
3 Athens
paris
Greece
paris
Belgrade
paris
Serbia
paris
Bucharest
paris
Romania
paris
Gibraltar
paris
Gibraltar
paris
  Lisbon
paris
Portugal
paris
Madrid
paris
Spain
paris
Monaco
paris
, Monaco Nicosia
paris
Cyprus
paris
4 North Nicosia
paris
Northern Cyprus
paris
4, 5 Podgorica
paris
Montenegro
paris
Pristina
paris
Kosovo
paris
5 Rome
paris
Italy
paris
San Marino
paris
, San Marino Sarajevo
paris
Bosnia and Herzegovina
paris
Skopje
paris
Macedonia
paris
Sofia
paris
Bulgaria
paris
Tirana
paris
Albania
paris
Valletta
paris
Malta
paris
Vatican City
paris
, Vatican City Zagreb
paris
Croatia
paris
Eastern
paris
Astana
paris
Kazakhstan
paris
3 Baku
paris
Azerbaijan
paris
3 Chișinău
paris
Moldova
paris
Kiev
paris
Ukraine
paris
Minsk
paris
Belarus
paris
Moscow
paris
Russia
paris
3 Stepanakert
paris
Nagorno-Karabakh
paris
4, 5 Sukhumi
paris
Abkhazia
paris
3, 5 Tbilisi
paris
Georgia
paris
3 Tiraspol
paris
Transnistria
paris
5 Tskhinvali
paris
South Ossetia
paris
3, 5 Yerevan
paris
Armenia
paris
4 1 Also the primary of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
paris
2 Also the put of the European Union
paris
, see Location of European yankee institutions
paris
and Brussels and the European Union
paris
Transcontinental country
paris
4 Entirely in Southwest Asia
paris
but have socio-political connections with Europe 5 Partially recognise country
paris
v
paris
t
paris
e
paris
paris
Capital
paris
cities of the member states
paris
of the European Union
paris
 
paris
Amsterdam
paris
 
paris
Athens
paris
 
paris
Berlin
paris
 
paris
Bratislava
paris
 
paris
Bucharest
paris
 
paris
Budapest
paris
 
paris
City of Brussels
paris
 
paris
Copenhagen
paris
 
paris
Dublin
paris
 
paris
Helsinki
paris
 
paris
Lisbon
paris
 
paris
Ljubljana
paris
 
paris
London
paris
 
paris
Luxembourg
paris
 
paris
Madrid
paris
 
paris
Nicosia
paris
 
paris
paris  
paris
Prague
paris
 
paris
Riga
paris
 
paris
Rome
paris
 
paris
Sofia
paris
 
paris
Stockholm
paris
 
paris
Tallinn
paris
 
paris
Valletta
paris
 
paris
Vienna
paris
 
paris
Vilnius
paris
 
paris
Warsaw
paris
 
paris
Zagreb
paris
v
paris
t
paris
e
paris
European Capitals of Culture
paris
1985 Athens
paris
1986 Florence
paris
1987 Amsterdam
paris
1988 West
paris
Berlin
paris
1989 paris 1990 Glasgow
paris
1991 Dublin
paris
1992 Madrid
paris
1993 Antwerp
paris
1994 Lisbon
paris
1995 Luxembourg City
paris
1996 Copenhagen
paris
1997 Thessaloniki
paris
1998 Stockholm
paris
1999 Weimar
paris
2000 Reykjavík
paris
Bergen
paris
Helsinki
paris
Brussels
paris
Prague
paris
Kraków
paris
Santiago de Compostela
paris
Avignon
paris
Bologna
paris
2001 Rotterdam
paris
Porto
paris
2002 Bruges
paris
Salamanca
paris
2003 Graz
paris
2004 Genoa
paris
Lille
paris
2005 Cork
paris
2006 Patras
paris
2007 Luxembourg City
paris
and Greater Region
paris
Sibiu
paris
2008 Liverpool
paris
Stavanger
paris
2009 Linz
paris
Vilnius
paris
2010 Ruhr
paris
Istanbul
paris
Pécs
paris
2011 Turku
paris
Tallinn
paris
2012 Maribor
paris
Guimarães
paris
2013 Košice
paris
Marseille
paris
2014 Umeå
paris
Riga
paris
2015 Mons
paris
Plzeň
paris
2016 San Sebastián
paris
Wrocław
paris
2017 Aarhus
paris
Paphos
paris
2018 Valletta
paris
Leeuwarden
paris
v
paris
t
paris
e
paris
Summer Olympic Games
paris
host cities
paris
1896
paris
:
paris
Athens
paris
1900
paris
:
paris
paris 1904
paris
:
paris
St. Louis
paris
1908
paris
:
paris
London
paris
1912
paris
:
paris
Stockholm
paris
1916
paris
: no 1920
paris
:
paris
Antwerp
paris
1924
paris
:
paris
paris 1928
paris
:
paris
Amsterdam
paris
1932
paris
:
paris
Los Angeles
paris
1936
paris
:
paris
Berlin
paris
1940
paris
: no 1944
paris
: no 1948
paris
:
paris
London
paris
1952
paris
:
paris
Helsinki
paris
1956
paris
:
paris
Melbourne
paris
1960
paris
:
paris
Rome
paris
1964
paris
:
paris
Tokyo
paris
1968
paris
:
paris
Mexico City
paris
1972
paris
:
paris
Munich
paris
1976
paris
:
paris
Montreal
paris
1980
paris
:
paris
Moscow
paris
1984
paris
:
paris
Los Angeles
paris
1988
paris
:
paris
Seoul
paris
1992
paris
:
paris
Barcelona
paris
1996
paris
:
paris
Atlanta
paris
2000
paris
:
paris
Sydney
paris
2004
paris
:
paris
Athens
paris
2008
paris
:
paris
Beijing
paris
2012
paris
:
paris
London
paris
2016
paris
:
paris
Rio de Janeiro
paris
2020
paris
:
paris
Tokyo
paris
voids due to World War I
paris
; voids due to World War II
paris
v
paris
t
paris
e
paris
World's eight most-populous urban areas
paris
Tokyo
paris
Yokohama
paris
Jakarta
paris
Seoul
paris
Incheon
paris
Delhi
paris
Shanghai
paris
Manila
paris
Karachi
paris
New York City
paris
São Paulo
paris
Mexico City
paris
Cairo
paris
Beijing
paris
Osaka
paris
Kobe
paris
Kyoto
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Mumbai
paris
Guangzhou
paris
Foshan
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Moscow
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Los Angeles
paris
Kolkata
paris
Dhaka
paris
Buenos Aires
paris
Istanbul
paris
Rio de Janeiro
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Shenzhen
paris
Lagos
paris
paris Nagoya
paris
Lima
paris
Chicago
paris
Kinshasa
paris
Tianjin
paris
Chennai
paris
Bogotá
paris
Bangalore
paris
London
paris
Taipei
paris
Ho Chi Minh City
paris
Dongguan
paris
Hyderabad
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Chengdu
paris
Lahore
paris
Johannesburg
paris
East Rand
paris
Tehran
paris
Essen
paris
Düsseldorf
paris
Bangkok
paris
Hong Kong
paris
Wuhan
paris
Ahmedabad
paris
Chongqing
paris
Baghdad
paris
Hangzhou
paris
v
paris
t
paris
e
paris
Tourism in paris
paris
Rive droite
paris
Arc de Triomphe
paris
Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel
paris
Bois de Boulogne
paris
Carnavalet
paris
Cité des Sciences et de l'Industrie
paris
Champs-Élysées
paris
Élysée Palace
paris
Faubourg Saint-Honoré
paris
Hôtel de Ville
paris
Jeu de Paume
paris
La Madeleine
paris
Louvre
paris
Montmartre
paris
Musée Grévin
paris
Grand Palais
paris
& Petit Palais
paris
Opéra Bastille
paris
Opéra Garnier
paris
Orangerie
paris
Palais-Royal
paris
Père Lachaise Cemetery
paris
Place de la Concorde
paris
Place des Vosges
paris
Place Vendôme
paris
Centre Pompidou/Beaubourg
paris
Sacré-Cœur
paris
Saint-Eustache
paris
Saint-Germain l'Auxerrois
paris
Saint-Jacques Tower
paris
Stade Roland Garros
paris
Trocadéro
paris
Tuileries
paris
Musée des Arts et Métiers
paris
paris
Rive gauche
paris
Catacombs of paris
paris
Café Procope
paris
Champ de Mars
paris
Eiffel Tower
paris
Hôtel Matignon
paris
Institut de France
paris
Les Invalides
paris
Palace
paris
& Jardin du Luxembourg
paris
Musée du quai Branly
paris
Musée de Cluny
paris
Musée d'Orsay
paris
Musée Rodin
paris
Muséum federal d'histoire naturelle
paris
Panthéon
paris
Palais Bourbon
paris
Saint-Germain-des-Prés
paris
Île de la Cité
paris
, Île Saint-Louis
paris
& Seine
paris
Bateau Mouche
paris
Conciergerie
paris
Notre Dame
paris
Pont Alexandre III
paris
Pont d'Iéna
paris
Pont Neuf
paris
Sainte-Chapelle
paris
parisian Region
paris
Chantilly
paris
La Défense
paris
Disneyland paris
paris
Écouen
paris
France Miniature
paris
Fontainebleau
paris
Malmaison
paris
Musée de l'Air
paris
Parc Astérix
paris
Provins
paris
Rambouillet
paris
La Roche-Guyon
paris
Saint Denis Basilica
paris
Saint-Germain-en-Laye
paris
Sceaux
paris
Stade de France
paris
Vaux-le-Vicomte
paris
Palace
paris
& Gardens of Versailles
paris
Vincennes
paris
Events and traditions
paris
Bastille Day martial parade
paris
Fête de la Musique
paris
Republican Guard
paris
Nuit Blanche
paris
paris Air Show
paris
paris-Plages
paris
Landmarks
paris
List of tourist attractions
paris
paris syndrome
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